Vmware Server Under Fedora 9

Virtualization programs, such as those from VMware, bring you closer to the more ideal solution of using both systems at once, but one is always the host and one is always the guest, shown inside a window. But by combining VMware Server with some free software, you can run Windows XP along with Linux, not inside a console window, but completely integrated into the Linux environment.

Before we install VMware Server, we must install some prerequisites. To install them, open a terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal):

Type On Terminal:


and Now Your Root Password.

Now First FInd Your Kernel Version No By :

uname -r

Output ->

If you haven’t updated the system, your kernel most likely is If this is the case, you can install the prerequisites like this:

yum install kernel-devel xinetd gcc gcc-c++ perl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed


If you’ve updated the system, chances are that your kernel is 2.6.25-14.fc9.i686; at the time of this writing there was no kernel-devel package for this kernel in the Fedora repositories, therefore we must install it manually:

First we remove any existing kernel-devel package:

yum remove kernel-devel

Then we download and install the correct kernel-devel package for kernel 2.6.25-14.fc9.i686 like this (you can search on http://rpm.pbone.net/index.php3 to find the correct kernel-devel package for your kernel – interestingly I had to search for RedHat 9 packages instead of Fedora 9 to find the correct packages…):

wget ftp://ftp.uni-bayreuth.de/pub/redhat.com/fedora/linux/releases/9/Everything/i386/os/Packages/kernel-devel-2.6.25-14.fc9.i686.rpm

rpm -ivh kernel-devel-2.6.25-14.fc9.i686.rpm

Finally we install the missing prerequisites:

yum install xinetd gcc gcc-c++ perl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed

3 VMware Server

VMware Server can let your old Windows desktop (that you previously converted into a VMware virtual machine. as described in this tutorial: https://computrgeek.wordpress.com/2008/02/18/how-to-windows-combined-or-unite-with-linux/).

To download VMware Server, go to http://www.vmware.com/download/server/ and click on Download Now:

Accept the license agreement by clicking on Yes:

Then download the VMware Server for Linux .tar.gz file (not the .rpm file!), e.g. to /home/Punup/Download:

To get the serial number you need to run VMware Server, go to http://register.vmware.com/content/registration.html. Fill in your personal details. Afterwards you will get a page with a serial number for VMware Server. Write it down or print it out:

To install VMware Server, open a terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal) and become root:


Then go to the location where you saved the VMware Server .tar.gz file, e.g. /home/falko/Download (replace falko with your own username!):

cd /home/Punup/Download

Unpack the VMware Server .tar.gz file and run the installer:

tar xvfz VMware-server-*.tar.gz
cd vmware-server-distrib
sudo ./vmware-install.pl

The installer will ask you a lot of questions. You can always accept the default values simply by hitting <ENTER>.

When it asks you:

In which directory do you want to keep your virtual machine files?
[/var/lib/vmware/Virtual Machines]

You can either accept the default value or specify a location that has enough free space to store your virtual machines.

At the end of the installation, you will be asked to enter a serial number:

Please enter your 20-character serial number which you get earlier.

Type XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX or ‘Enter’ to cancel:

Fill in your serial number for VMware Server.

After the successful installation, you can delete the VMware Server download file and the installation directory:

cd /home/punup/Download
rm -f VMware-server*
rm -fr vmware-server-distrib/

You will now find VMware Server under Applications > System Tools > VMware Server Console:

When you start it, select Local host:

Afterwards, you can create virtual machines .

That’s it Enjoy Virtualization.


Windows Vs Linux Vs Mac Os

I’ve been following all the debate and divided opinion across the net and the blogosphere about how the 3 operating systems square up to each other. I find this an interesting debate, interesting in the fact that Linux is actually being considered as an alternative to the big two. In my, humble opinion, I think alot of this has to do with the new focus on ‘eye-candy’. One of Vista’s huge new features is the Aero visual interface. Now I’ve seen it in action, as well as Mac OS X’ interface, and I honestly think that neither of them compare with my Compiz-Fusion enhanced Ubuntu desktop.

Window Vista

Mac Os

Ubuntu Linux

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How to rlt8139 D Lan in Fedora Core 6

How to Install rtl8139 D Lan in Fedora 6 or Any Version (try for any kernel).

See if the device is known;


and as a root

[Puneet@localhost ~]$su –

[Puneet@localhost ~]$ Password:

[root@localhost ~]# /sbin/lspci -v

The Above Command will show the Devices

See if the driver is loaded with the following command :
[root@localhost ~]#cat /proc/modules | grep 8139too

if the above command shows 8139too (most probably )exits in between the result ,it means you have to try using first the following

as a root

[root@localhost ~]#depmod -a

[root@localhost ~]#modprobe rtl8139too


for only rtl8139

[root@localhost ~]#depmod -a

[root@localhost ~]#modprobe rtl8139

modprobe rtl8139 or rtl8139too installs the driver file for the card, but also any other modules rtl8139 is dependent on (namely pci-scan). It’s basically a shell for the command insmod. insmod has an option, -f, just for such an occasion which forces an installation of a modules despite a kernel-module mismatch.
However, short of adding this option to the modprobe configuration file, I couldn’t find a way to get modprobe to pass this option to insmod. YOu could just go ahead and use insmod -f on both pci-scan and rtl8139, but since the modprobe config file needs to be edited evenually anyway (for a different
reason), I went the config file route

Modify /etc/modules.conf

add the following lines at the end of the /etc/modules.conf file:

Copy the Following and Paste it in the modules.conf at the begning or end of module.conf:For 8139too(Most Probably)

alias eth0 rtl8139too

Save and Exit.


For rtl8139

alias eth0 rtl8139

Save and Exit.

The alias command lets the os know that eth0 refers to your ethernet driver.he insmod_opt command is sort of a hack to get modprobe to pass the -f Option to insmod. After you’ve sucessfully got your ethernet working, you should Probably go back and remove or comment out the insmod_opt line (but leave
the alias line!)

Now Re-attempt to install the modules

For rtl8139too(most probably)

[root@localhost ~]#depmod -a
[root@localhost ~]#modprobe rtl8139too


For rtl8139

[root@localhost ~]#depmod -a
[root@localhost ~]#modprobe rtl8139

The ‘depmod -a’ line needed to repeated since you’ve modified the
modules.conf ile. This should install the pci-scan and rtl8139 modules

Now Verify module installation

Type lsmod in the terminal . The relvant lines should look something like this:

Module Size Used by

rtl8139 12400 1

Now start the eth0 service :

[root@localhost ~]#ifconfig eth0 up

This starts up eth0. Check it’s up by running ifconfig and now restart ur( computer or lappy )

or u can also try restarting the network services from the command below :

first configure ur card by filling the ip address and then follow the command below :

[root@localhost ~]#service network restart


Enjoy Networking.


These are commands found useful in terminal as root

modprobe /lib/modules/2.***/net rtl8139 (*** means change the Kernel according to urs as Existing)

modprobe -c
cat /proc/interrupts
cat /proc/pci
insmod rtl8139
ifconfig eth0 up
depmod -a
lspci -vv


Some of the file locations

/usr/src/packages/SOURCES – tgz files
/usr/src/pakcages/BUILD – source files
/etc/modules.conf – modprobe configuration files

Happy networking


How to Change Fedora 8 Log in Screen

You can download many different login themes from:
http://art.gnoome.org (Login Manager)
http://www.gnome-look.org (GDM Themes)


Where To Install ?

Go To->System->Administration->LoginWindow->Local->Add The Downloaded File and Close.

Now Log out



Fedora Service Command Issue.

Today When i was using having root i typed service httpd start .it showed an error Message.

bash: service: command not found

I was Wondered when yesterday i have done the same thing ,it  had started normally ,what was the reason for that,i have googled and found the appropriate reason for that.

I Finally made to the conclusion that i have done the wrong thing today.

 What was that ?

i typed

[Puneet@localhost ~]$ su

password :

[root@localhost ~]# service httpd start

which i dont have to do so ,it Consistently giving me the same error..

bash: service: command not found

The main reason for that is i have to run su – instead of simply su .

Correct One. : –

[Puneet@localhost ~]$ su –

password :

[root@localhost ~]# service httpd start
Starting httpd:                                            [  OK  ]

If you are using su, remember the ‘-‘ option to get the target user’s environment (make it a login shell). Otherwise, you are running with your PATH, instead of root’s PATH, and the privileged commands will not be found (/sbin/ is not part of a normal user’s command search PATH).

This Solved the Issue.

Thanks to macemoneta .


How to Enable Fedora Repo.

All Repositories are Stored in /etc/yum.repos.d folder. Either set enabled value to 1 in .repo file of repository OR use enablerepo option with yum.

yum --enablerepo=<repo_name> install <package>
Better Use Graphical Interface for this ,I Like Yumex the Most.

KDE 4.0 Released With openSUSE Packages and Live CD

On 11th January 2008, the KDE Community released the fourth major version of the K Desktop Environment. This release marks the beginning of the KDE 4 era.

After five long months of development, the most expected project of 2007, KDE 4, has finally seen the light today! KDE 4 is the next generation of the popular K Desktop Environment, which seeks to fulfill the need for a powerful yet easy-to-use desktop, for both personal and enterprise computing. KDE project’s goal for the 4.0 release is to put the foundations in place for future innovations on the FREE desktop.

The KDE Community is thrilled to announce the immediate availability of KDE 4.0. This significant release marks both the end of the long and intensive development cycle leading up to KDE 4.0 and the beginning of the KDE 4 era.

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